Vol. 31, Nº 1

Knowledge-based virtualization of human anatomy: development of an interactive atlas of the upper limbs

Menezes, T. C. F.; Jerbi, H.; Lorente, G. D.; Rejeb, A.; Silva, L. P.; Erdoğ; an, S.; Perini, M. L. L.; W. Pérez; Batigália, F.; Fernandes, A. M.; Padovani Junior, J. A.

KEYWORDS: virtualization, anatomical knowledge, interactivity, virtual atlas, upper limbs

ABSTRACT: Introduction: Currently, two types of atlas provide anatomical studies: those with two-dimensional images, and those compiled by interactive pictures; mostly drawn virtually. In recent decades, the development of virtual anatomical atlases has been encouraged and prioritized by both the technological advances and the need to facilitate and complement medical education. The aim of this study was to develop an interactive virtual atlas of the upper limbs. Material and Methods: A systematic dissection of three upper limbs (shoulder, arm, forearm and hand) of legally preserved cadavers in Anatomy Laboratory of São José do Rio Preto Medical School, SP (FAMERP) has been carried out. Results: A website has been developed to facilitate the learning of superficial and deep structures of the limbs comprising ten pictures showing the steps and the various structures and display devices (naming demarcated structures and text with relevant information about these). In addition, the website includes a photo gallery with subtitled images of the dissected upper limbs. Conclusion: In conclusion, virtual study of Anatomy by means of interactive-image display of dissected parts can facilitate and enhance the learning of the upper limbs.