Vol. 34, Nš 1

Morphological study of prostate in different age groups of Indian population

KAYALVIZHI, I.; BHORIA, S.; KHANAGWAL, V. P.; NARAYAN, R. K.

KEYWORDS: morphological study, prostate, weight of prostate.

ABSTRACT: Introduction: The prostate is a pyramidal shaped, fibromuscular glandular organ which surrounds the prostatic urethra. Three pathologic processes affect the prostate gland: Inflammation, Benign prostatic (Nodular) hyperplasia, and tumours. Of these three, the benign nodular hyperplasia and prostatic carcinoma are prevalent worldwide. Main treatment for both the above mentioned condition till date is surgical extraction of the prostate. A clear concept is required about the morphological features and measurements of prostate as it will play a major role in defining the disease and for the diagnosis. Material and Methods: The present study was conducted in the Department of Anatomy utilizing 50 samples of human prostate, age ranging from 10 to 80 years. The various morphological parameters studied were length, transverse diameter, antero-posterior diameter and weight of prostate. Results: The lowest and highest mean value were 1.76-2.79 cm; 3.35-4.04 cm; 1.65-2.30 cm and 16.8-26.6 gm for length, transverse diameter, antero-posterior diameter and weight respectively. Statistical measurements included mean, standard deviation, range and correlation coefficients of different parameters. Conclusions: Length and transverse diameter of prostate were maximum in the American population, Antero?Posterior diameter was maximum for Bangladeshi and weight was found maximum in Indian population.